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Sunday, May 10, 2015

25 Stunning Examples Of Geometrical Order In Nature

"Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better."
-Albert Einstein

“[The universe] is written in the language of mathematics, and its characters are triangles, circles, and other geometric figures.” 
-Galileo Galilei

Looking around, you might imagine that branches, leaves and flowers grow at random, haphazardly. The truth is, however, that the points at which every branch, leaf, stem, bud or petal emerge, have all been set out according to fixed laws and miraculously precise measures. There are patterns everywhere you look in the natural world, the most persistent of which is the Fibonacci sequence. The sequence was first described by ancient Indian mathematicians hundreds of years before the birth of Christ, even though it’s named after the Italian mathematician Leonardo of Pisa, who was more famously known as ‘Fibonacci’. It was Fibonacci’s book “Liber Abaci”, published in the early 13th century, that introduced this magical sequence to the Western world.

The Fibonacci sequence is so simple it’s almost baffling. Here each number is created by adding together the previous two, so starting from 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21… it continues to infinity. The Fibonacci sequence is so persistent in nature that it’s a challenge to find a plant or fruit structure that does not conform to it. For instance, the placement of leaves along a stem is governed by the Fibonacci sequence, ensuring that each leaf has maximum access to sunlight and rain. The same principle is at work in the formation of pine cones, sunflowers, pineapples, and cacti. The Golden Ratio, which you might have heard before, is just another manifestation of the Fibonacci sequence.

All plants are geometrical one way or the other. However, there are plants whose geometry is more pronounced than others. Here are some famous examples.

1. Aeonium Tabuliforme

2. Agave

3. Aloe Polyphylla

4. Alstroemeria Pelegrina

5. Amazon Lily Pad

6. Araucaria Arucana

7. Camelia

8. Chameleon Tail

9. Crassula Buddha's Temple Plant

10. Dahlia

11. Drosophyllum Lusitanicum

12. Fern

13. Finonacci Garden

14. Fractal Cabbage

15. Lobelia

16. Ludwigia Sedioides

17. Passiflora Caerulea

18. Pelecyphora Aselliformis

19. Romanesco Broccoli

20. Spiral Begonia

21. Spiraling Succulent

22. Succulents

23. Sunflower

24. Thinking Cactus

25. Viola Sacculus

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